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[Datsun 1200 encyclopedia]

E15 Electronic Distributor Swap

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Categories: Engine Electrical System | Ignition Modifications

Obtain an Electronic Ignition distributor from an E-Series engine such as from an N12 Pulsar. Fit a drive gear from an A series distributor. Fabricate a hold-down bracket. Plug it in. Cost is about $65 AUD for a used distributor from the wreckers.

Contents

Sourcing

Obtain an E-series distributor from one of the following engine:

* E15S (single carburetor)
* E15I (Injected, central throttle body injection)
* E16S
* E16I
* From N12 Pulsar/EXA or other Nissan

Any E-series dizzy that has vacuum advance can be used.

You want to get this type, Hitachi D4R and D4A types. Some Mitsubishi T4T types are also fitted with these guts. This is the same type of distributor used on A12 Sunny Trucks with factory EI, and also used in certain Ford, Mazda and Mitsubishi vehicles. So cap & rotor parts can be purchased in just about any country.
4534.jpgAlbum click to view

Or this type, Mitsubishi with top-mounted centrifugal advance:
11188.jpgAlbum click to view

You can also use this E15 "Matchbox" type (same as the B310 Electronic Distributor Swap), which was used on a couple of Japan-market E-series models. It is wired the same externally.
14075.jpgAlbum click to view

* B11 JDM 8110-[8608] E15S.(GL,LT).F5
* N12 JDM 8205-[8610] E15S.5F.(TS,D,FC)

CAUTION: The E15ET turbo and some E16I engines use a different type of distributor than we will consider here. It looks like this, and has none of the familiar guts inside:
174_4c7b4a0d71319.jpgUpload click to view
D4P distributor -- Easily identified as having no vacuum advance unit. Don't get this type as it requires a spark controller (computer) like the E15I fuel injection engine ECU.

For more details, see E-Series Distributor

Coil

You can use your stock points Coil, but more reliable performance is obtained with a Datsun high-energy coil.

See Main Article: EI Coil

Instructions

  1. remove gear from A-series distributor and fit to the E-series distributor
  2. Create new (or modify existing) distributor housing flange so it can be securely fastened to the engine
  3. Insert distributor with correct timing
  4. Connect the two wires and enjoy maintenance free driving (no more yearly points changing)

Instructions - elecy dizzy on early block

Early block is any until 1973 (front-dizzy engine). Beattie used this type of Pulsar E15 distributor:
11188.jpgAlbum click to view

Beattie:

  • Went to wreckers and got an electronic distributer off a Nissan Pulsar with a E15(e) motor.
  • Searched around for a cap and rotor. It is taller then other E15 types:
    • CAP-BOSCH GM554
    • ROTOR-BOSCH GM555
  • I took the roll pin out of a old A-series dizzy i had and took off the gear. I then did the same for the small plastic ring on the E-series dizzy. I slid the A-series gear onto the E-series dizzy shaft and redrilled a new hole for the roll pin.
  • Then for the adjuster bracket i slid the plate off the A-series dizzy over the E-series and marked it with a scribe on the original, (alloy part of the housing) adjuster bracket. I then drilled out the slot and filed where necessary. I also took any excess alloy off.
  • I then installed the new dizzy. I used the old adjuster plate as a spacer. I don't know if this is necessary as the gear sits a little lower then in the A-series unit. You have to use a slightly longer bolt to secure it.
  • I wired it up (Black/White to POS, Blue to NEG).
  • Fired it up and adjusted timing. It runs 100% with the stock 1200 coil.

Gear Changeover

E15 doesn't use a gear, but is otherwise nearly identical to A15 distributor:
4537.jpgAlbum click to view

Using a 3mm pin punch, remove the roll pin from an A-series distributor, then slide the gear off the shaft. Do the same for the retaining ring on the E-series distributor (punch out the pin, then slide ring off the shaft).

Fit the A-series gear onto the E-series distributor shaft. Before drilling a new hole for the roll pin, ensure there is sufficient end float at the top of the gear (Use a shim or similar when drilling). The clearance required is minimal but is needed to ensure the distributor spins freely.

4604.jpgAlbum click to view

Top dizzy is from E15 to which the gear has been fixed, while the lower one is from A10/A12.
3948.jpgAlbum click to view
The E15 has been converted for A series. Note that it seems to fractionally longer that the A series when comparing shafts -- but that's because the plate is not installed yet.

Mounting Flange

You don't need to modify the dizzy casting to install in an A-series -- it fits in just fine. However, the E-series distributor's hold-down bracket doesn't line up with the block's bolt hole. So while it fits in the block, it's not obvious how it can be bolted down.

Solution:
- modify the distributor
or
- rather than modify the distributor, make a simple bracket. Then leave the dizzy's own bracket-tab hanging off the distributor unused. It is cast in with the housing so doesn't come off.

Use any single one of the following methods. For a more OEM look, you can drill, grind, cut and otherwise modify the E15 dizzy casting. But there's no need to modify the housing. Your choice.

Custom Bracket - Early Block

For Early blocks the simplest method by far is to drill two 6mm (1/4 inch) holes exactly 42 mm apart:
23257.jpgAlbum click to view

* 2 or 3 mm thick aluminum strip
* hole centers: 42 mm
* overall size approximately 65 x 20 mm

Fit the destributor in over the stock A12 dizzy plate, and bolt the bracket in like so:
23258.jpgAlbum click to view
- Use 2 longer bolts, 22mm long
- One bolt goes though the E15 cast dizzy bracket and uses a nut on the back side
- As a spacer under the dizzy bolt, cut 10mm of 5/16" copper or steel tubing (there's not enough room there for traditional washers).


Alternative Idea for Early Blocks
You could weld a tab to the A-series dizzy plate and secure the dizzy with it. Perhaps something like this gray tab welded/brazed to the black Early A12 bracket:
23256.jpgAlbum click to view

Custom Bracket - Late Block

Make a bracket like this out of 2 or 3 mm thick aluminum. If you have a 1" holesaw to cut the center hole it is very simple to make. Use the stock distributor plate/bracket as a template for the center hole and adjusting slot.
23259.jpgAlbum click to view


Another method is: weld a tab onto the stock Datsun 1200 dizzy bracket, the secure the dizzy from below to the tab. This is not a clamp, but is secured by a bolt. Then the whole unit will bolt to the block very nicely.
th_3955.jpg
For Late blocks (1974 and newer). Use 2 or 3 mm thick stock for the tab. Phunkdoctaspock succesfully used this method.


ALTERNATIVELY method by darrenwilson:
th_p06061317.jpg th_p06061317r.jpg


Austin Side Clamp

Beattie used an Austin engine dizzy clamp on a E15S Mitsubishi type. It fits right to a Late block (1973-up), and clamps the circumference of the dizzy -- once the original casting flange of the E15 dizzy was ground off. So this requires the distributor body to be modified.

beattie: I ground all of the alloy adjuster part off and used the dizzy clamp off a Mini. Fits perfectly around the dizzy shank and lines up perfectly with the hole! Dont ya just love that?

11717.jpgAlbum click to view

This is the Austin B-series dizzy hold-down clamp (photos are from 1974 MGB/GT). Datsun C1 (1000) or E1 (1200) might be similar.
23303.jpgAlbum click to view 23304.jpgAlbum click to view

Installation

Install the new distributor (see Distributor Installation). Use the old adjuster plate as a spacer. This is necessary as the hole on the gear sits higher than the hole on the shaft. Thus drilling a new hole on the shaft means the gear is further down the shaft (The distance between the two holes can be measured to be approximately the same as the thickness of the spacer plate.

The rotation of the body relative to the block will be different from a stock distributor (where the side can points will be different). For example (depending on your mount mod method):
Can pointing to head | Can pointing away from head
4609.jpgAlbum click to view 11717.jpgAlbum click to view

The A-series can be timed perfectly with the distributor in any position because it has a gear drive (some other engines have a notched drive which can only go in certain ways).

First, make sure the engine is rotated to TDC on the #1 cylinder compression stroke. When the pulley is at the 0 degree mark, it may be on #1 or it may be on #4. See Timing for more details.

While inserting the distributor, rotate it to where where you can bolt it down. As you are inserting the distributor, rotate the gear so that the Rotor will point to one of the distributor cap leads (any of the four). Connect the lead to which it points to #1 spark plug wire.

The rotation of the housing can be various. Where the rotor points is #1, then attach the leads to the other plugs following the order 1-3-4-2. For example:
th_22317b.jpg

OR

th_22317c.jpg

OR

th_22317a.jpg

Timing

At this setting, it will start and run very good.

With crank pulley at 5 degree BTDC mark, loosen set-bolt, then rotate housing until these teeth line up
th_E16_timing.jpg

For optimum timing you must drive the car and evaluate it, and configure the FULL RPM ADVANCE to 32 degrees (A12) or 34 degress (A14). See Spark Curve.

See general Performance section of Electronic Ignition.

The E15 distributor will not have an optimum advance curve for your A-series engine -- but neither do the A-series distributors. As always, get it recurved for best performance.

Wiring

The E15 dizzy wires are long enough to reach the coil, so no extra wires are needed. It is two-wire, just like an A-series distributor so is very easy to wire up.

See Main Article: EI Wiring

Fitting Background

Late block: if you try to line up the hold-down bracket, the vacuum advance hits the block:
23247.jpgAlbum click to view

Early block: since the bolt hole is on the other size compared to Late block, you can line up the flange. However it comes nowhere close to lining up with the hold-down bolt hole in the block.
23254.jpgAlbum click to view

Easy solution: don't bother to line up the bracket with the bolt hole. Instead, you can securely fasten the distributor without lining up the bracket.

Early vs Late A-series Do you want to fit the distributor into an early A10 or A12 engine? Or a later A12/A14/A15?

Clamp modifications need to be slightly different: Late engine block have a fastening bolt hole about 5mm further out from the dizzy bore hole. Plus the location and shape of the pad is different.

If the E-series distributor is bolted straight in, with a Late Block the vacuum advance canister will hit side of the block. But the pre-1974 block doesn't have this problem. It has the hold-down bolt on the opposite side of the dizzy bore hole. This will place the canister facing near to the opposite position, away from the block.

See A-series Distributor Comparison for more details.

Late Block: limits of rotation: Full anti-clockwise | clockwise
23249.jpgAlbum click to view 23248.jpgAlbum click to view

Early Block: limits of rotation. This is about 20 degrees of swing, which should be enough to time the distributor correctly (it will actually rotate further anti-clockwise but will cover the bolt hole if you do)
23252.jpgAlbum click to view 23253.jpgAlbum click to view

Models

To identify the E-series distributor you have or find, clean the grease off the side of the body and read the numbers:
4533.jpgAlbum click to view

Top line: Distributor Model Number. This will tell you the kind of EI it is so you can identify the cap & rotor parts.

Bottom line: Nissan Part Number. You can look up the exact application at E-Series Distributor.

In the case of this photo, it is a D4R type and the part number is:

22100-P4000

  • B11 ER 0284-0486 OPTION(E13S+E15S).MT
  • M10 ER 0285-0486 OPTION.E15S HITACHI D4R83-39
  • N12 ER 0684-0486 OPTION.E15S.MT HITACHI D4R83-39

NOTE: ER means Nissan Europe RHD market.

D4R83

See D4R for Hitachi D4R series

D4A

See Hitachi D4A series

Mitsubishi T4T

For more details see T4T

beattie

E15E distributor with factory Nissan Mitsubishi T4T Distributor
11188.jpgAlbum click to view

  • with Top-weights (visible centrifugal advance)
  • Cap is taller than the E15 Hitachi distributor
  • similar to circa 1983 Mazda 626 GC (AU)

Cap and rotor: The "standard" E15 rotor is the conventional style, same style as the A-series that is. This E15E Distributor has a round item that is fastened to the top plate where the centrifugal weights are and covers them completely. So the cap needs to be taller then the "standard" E15 item!

Nissan T4T Sources

Part numbers are
* CAP-BOSCH GM554
* ROTOR-BOSCH GM555

20216.jpgAlbum click to view

Advanced Hold-down Methods

Hold Down Clamp

Alternatively to the above methods, and this may be more complicated ...

To secure the dizzy to the block, fabricate a Chevy small-block-style "fork" hold-down bracket to secure it. Use a 8mm spacer on the bolt to the raise the clamp up to the level of the E15 dizzy flange.

However, for the Hitachi DR4, there are a couple of problems:

  • the fork tines needs to be 31 mm apart and there is only 2.5 mm on each side if the dizzy to grip. You can grind small parts of the dizzy housing away to make it easier
  • The distributor bolt-down hole in the A-series block is only M6 and may not have enough torque to clamp the chevy style (half fork) tight enough.

One idea was to cut an A-series dizzy locating bracket in half, creating a fork clamp. In actual practice this was found not to work, as the half-bracket doesn't go far enough around the dizzy and required more torque to hold the dizzy tight than the small bolt will allow. It 'almost' worked.

Here is a from-scratch fabricated Fork to mount E15 dizzy to A-series. It attaches to the far side of the dizzy (bolts to the slot) so the hold-down bolt doesn't have to be torqued very much to hold the body tight:
12819.jpgAlbum click to view

Chevy style fork may or may not work:
23250.jpgAlbum click to view
One with a long slot as in this photo might fit. It looks like the E15 dizzy has the right surface for the clamps finger's to grab. However there are several distributor types used for E15 engines, so time will tell.

When using a clamp you will leave the dizzy's own locating flange hanging off the distributor unused (it is cast in with the housing so doesn't come off).

You might be able to use an Austin clamp. This is a newer type that may or may not work if you cut one end:
Austin CLAMP HOLDDOWN
613857a.jpg
$21.95 at minimania.com

Hacksaw Method - Early Block

For early block engines (1966-1973), this is the most elegant way, but takes the most time.

NOTE: This method doesn't work for Late Block engine because the flange is in the wrong place.

1. Hacksaw a bit off the E15 locating flange, so it is the same length as the 1200 flange.

2. Create a new slot in the flange to match the early block bolt hole. Drill three holes in the aluminum flange and use a small file to hog it out into a slot

End result:
11188.jpgAlbum click to view
Use the stock locating flange as a spacer.

For an adjuster bracket, unscrew and remove the plate from the A-series distributor. Install onto the E-series and mark it with a scribe on the original alloy adjuster tab of the housing.

Another way to do is pictured below is slight simpler because instead of slot, you only need to drill and tap one hole. However this puts the vacuum advance in the wrong spot -- it will only work with some of the dizzy types that have a short advance canister.
4605.jpgAlbum click to view 4606.jpgAlbum click to view 4607.jpgAlbum click to view 4609.jpgAlbum click to view

Hacksaw Method - Late Block

One way is cut the original bracket down to a length where it will rotate against the block. Fit a Datsun A-series bracket onto the distributor.


shoom: what I found was that the A15 adjuster plate fitted over the bottom of the [Hitachi] E15 dizzy. funnily enough there is a painted dot on the bottom of the dizzy that exactly matches the location of the original A-series securing bolt. so I just drilled and tapped a hole out and walah, plate fits. I then ground off the original adjustment slot on the body and with a little bit of buffing you cant even tell it was there before.

1. Cut the A15 flat bracket and bolt it like so to the E15 dizzy
18022.jpgAlbum click to view

2. Then grind away unneeded parts of the E15 cast bracket
18020.jpgAlbum click to view

Finished product:
18021.jpgAlbum click to view

Drill Method - Late Block

With Late Blocks you can drill one hole in the E15 dizzy, and use use an Early Block plate to reverse how it mounts to the engine.

  1. Cut the slot open where the yellow lines are shown (the Late Block has the bolt hole farther out than this bracket does -- so it needs to be cut out)
    23255.jpgAlbum click to view
  2. Fit the plate to the dizzy and trace where it overlaps.
  3. Drill a hole in the E15 flange where the center dot is
    4605.jpgAlbum click to view
    • No need to hacksaw the excess part of the flange away, though it will look more polished if you do
  4. Bolt flange on to the distributor with the uncut slot bolted to the dizzy, like so (but with the exposed slot cut away):
    4606.jpgAlbum click to view
    • Rather than tapping a hole in the dizzy, you can fit a through-bolt with nut. Your choice.
    • You might need a small-head bolt to clear the side of the block

With this modification the E-series distributor will bolt to the Late Block in an appropriate orientation, and allow normal rotation.

Cap & Rotor

Which cap & rotor you need varies by the distributor type, which is stamped on the distributor housing.

D4R Hitachi Parts
D4K Hitachi Parts
T4T Mitsubishi Parts