The A14 and A15 engines fit in the 1200 with only minor changes. The A14 and A15 are by far the most popular swapping candidates since the bigger displacement of the A14 and A15 means both more power (peak HP) and more low-speed power (torque) than the A12 engine. Remember: "theres no substitute for cubic inches".
The A14 and A15 are by far the most popular swapping candidates since the bigger displacement of the A14 and A15 means both more power (peak HP) and more low-speed power (torque) than the A12, A13 or A12A. As they say, "There is no replacement for displacement".
A12: 68 hp, 70 lb ft torque A14: 80 hp, 77-83 torque A15: 80 hp
Note that there are 65 HP A14s and A15s too. While less powerful than an A12, they still have more torque so will be an improvement for easy driving. You can identify these by the ID plate in the engine compartment (with HP figures) or by noting if the intake manifold is round-port. Only the oval port engines are 80HP. Additionally, all 1981 and later engines are less than 80HP.
The A14 and A15 engines are "tall deck" engines, and are 3/4 inch higher than A12. However, they fit in the 1200 with a change to the exhaust pipe due to the height. This also applies to the 1974 A13 engine.
With later 1200s (1974 and newer), newer engines bolt right in. With original 1970-1973 1200s, simple changes to the motor mounts will allow the newer A12, A14 or A15 to fit in.
These factors are different when swapping:
- 1967-1973 motor mounts vs 1974-up mounts. Simple adapters can be used.
- increased deck height raises exhaust pipe
- 3-bolt vs 2-bolt exhaust flange
- A15 calls for stronger transmission. The late 1200 56A type is good
- A15 needs stronger differential than 1967-1974 H145 type
A14/A15 use a 3-bolt exhaust flange. Datsun 1200 uses a 2-bolt exhaust pipe. So get a short section of the exhaust pipe, and have it welded to your exhaust system. Add 3/4" length so the pipe fits in the same location. If you don't have the pipe, any exhaust shop can fabricate the correct part.
Exhaust Pipe: The section of pipe between the manifold and the muffler
Also See: Exhaust Manifold#Gasket
If upgrading a 1970-1972 Datsun 1200 to an A14 or A15, use the stronger 4-speed that comes with the A14 or A15. It is a bolt-in replacement. Be sure to get the matching set: Flywheel, clutch release sleeeve, engine plate and transmission. See Gearbox Swap Notes.
The early 1200 4-speed will work fine with an A14 if you drive it smoothly. But the A15 has a bit to much torque to be reliable. It may work for a long time, but it may give out. Chipped teeth is the normal problem.
If your 1200 already has the 56A 4-speed it is strong enough for an A15.
Peek under the car, on the right side of the gearbox for the letter 56A and you are golden:
Or in this area (56A late ute super strong):
The stock H145 from a Datsun 1200 coupe/sedan/wagon is not rated for the torque of an A14 or A15. It can handle the horsepower, but not the torque.
- An A14 or low-torque A15 will be OK in front of an H145. A15 after 1981 is low torque.
- While some club members have had their H145 last behind an A15, many have had it break. It is the ring & pinion gears (CWP) that break, not the axles.
It is important to get the new engine in the same location as the original, so that the original driveshaft fits properly. (You can locate the engine further back if you want to customize the driveshaft.)
A14/A15 engine mounts are 35 mm further back in location than early (B110) A12. If you locate the engine like this, it will be in the correct spot
Note that late A12 (1974 and up) use exactly the same mounts as A14/A14.
Engine setback is approximately 2-1/2 inches from firewall to back of rocker cover
A14/A15 bolts directly into newer 1200 (1974 & newer utes).
When fitting to older 1200s, the easiest thing to do is use simple flat plates to adapt the motor.
The most elegant way is to swap crossmembers. If you can find the right crossmember. For example: 1975 A12 with 1974-up crossmember. Or 1972 A12 with 1970-1973 crossmember.
1974-up engines (including all A14/A15 engines) have the motor mount bosses in a different place compared to the 1971-1973 A12 engines. So the engine mounts are a bit different. This photos illustrates the difference:
Stock left-side mount in Datsun 1200, but Newer A12 engine. All it needs is a simple flat plate with two holes drilled in it.
Alternatively, you could 1) use the 1974-up 1200 crossmember or 2) modify the crossmember or 3) modify the engine brackets.
Be sure to get a matched set:
- Late Engine + Late Engine mounting brackets + Late Engine Crossmember
- Early Engine + Early Engine mounting brackets + Early Engine Crossmember
Early engines are 1967-1973, and late engines are 1974-up.
Swap the crossmember? Swapping crossmembers is fairly easy. There are two bolts on each side, plus the LCA bushing mount. But you don't have to swap crossmembers -- it's just one way of doing it. Perhaps the most elegant way. See Changing Crossmember.
Early vs Late Engine crossmembers
Late Engine onto Early Crossmember
When fitting a 1974-or-newer engine into an orginal Datsun 1200, and using the original crossmber, modifications to the engine mount brackets are needed.
There is no need modify the crossmember, although that can be done. It is easy to modify the brackets.
Left Side Mount Location
Left Side (manifold side) of A-series engine: change to 1974 and newer blocks: Engine mount bolt bosses were moved back 35mm (1-3/8") on the late blocks.
If the engine is centered and the plate holes drilled correctly, it will fit straight as above.
There are three different RH mounts, some allow the engine to sit higher or lower than the others. If the mount is now up too high, slot the bolt holes for the engine bracket, and slide the mount up on the block the thickness of the plate, then tighten. This will lower the engine a bit.
Alternatively, you can put the mount on the last accessory boss, which is 26mm (1") farther forward than early blocks. With this choice, you will need to redrill the lower hole on the engine mount bracket, 8mm over. And you will still need to slot the mounts and use a flat plate. Nothing gained, but it takes a little more work this way.
Re-drill the lower bracket hole, and re-drill the crossmember horn hole 26mm farther forward (no plate needed). Rubber sits to one side of horn. Aircon cannot be used with this choice, as the bolt boss is for the A/C compressor.
Right Side Mount
Right side (spark-plug/oil pump/starter side) engine mount bracket is practically the same Late vs Early.
end result with flat plate
The only thing you might need to do is Measure engine installed angle and if you need to lower it a little bit:
- try the other RH side bracket (not sure which one is best), OR
- slot the bracket bolt holes (where it bolts to the engine) so you can bolt it slightly higher on the block
For the cleanest look, instead of using adaper plates, you may cut and re-weld the brackets so they fit just so. You can fabricate the LH and RH brackets to have the 35mm offset and be a bit lower.
Discussions and Details
If you use the correct engine bracket it will be very close to level, maybe about 4mm higher.
Three different Right Side engine brackets. Which is best for a swap?
- cheater_5 wrote up a detailed conversion here: Cheaters a15 into 1200 conversion
- An A14 installation Mildman undertook has been quite significantly detailed at the following web link: Mildman's A14 Installation
- There is also a technical article at the datsun1200.com site that discusses this installation too: Datsun1200.com Tech Section
Early Engine onto Late Crossmember
To fit an early (1970-1973) engine into a later 1200, you can either swap crossmembers, OR just use simple adapter plates on each side as explained below.
Use Newer Mounts
Or use newer engine mounts? You can modify the engine mount brackets to fit an early A12 engine (GX, anyone?) into your later 1200. The only trick is to drill a flat plate to bridge the 35mm difference in back-to-front location.
- Use Datsun 1200 RH mount
- Use 120Y A12 or B210 A14, or any B310 LH mount with a longer bolt
- Drill two holes in 4mm flat plates
4mm thick plates. The mount bracket overlaps the insulator so it is partially supported by it -- in other words, it is plenty strong and doesn't stress the rubber insulator.
Use the B110 lower radiator hose to clear the alternator. The new A12 places the alternator on the other side of the engine compared to the original A12. You'll also need to extend the alternator wires to go to the other side. album
Right Mount Bracket
The original A12 RH bracket is very similar to the newer bracket -- but the newer RH bracket doesn't fit the original A12 engine. So use the RH bracket that matches the engine.
Left Mount Bracket
On the LH side, use a LH engine bracket from a late engine. The newer LH bracket will match the newer or older LH crossmember horn. The height is perfect and no adjustment is needed.
Old A12 uses stepped bracket (upper boss is set back). To fit New A12 bracket, remove the stud and use a longer stud, or a bolt.
To fit the new A12 bracket, use 19mm worth of washers and a longer bolt or stud. Bolt centers are the same for the original A12 stepped bracket and the revised A12 flat bracket, so it fits just right
- 1200 wiring will reach either Distributor (under #1 or under #3)
- Alternator fits on opposites sides. Late engines have right-side alternator.
- Can refit alternator to other side, but not necessary
- use extension wires to reach across (Ground, Battery, and FN/LS wires). Be sure to use the same thickness (gauge) wire as original.
- Newer engine may have an alternator marked S-L. If so, simple wiring mods can be done.
- Radiator hoses are different for the original 1200 low-mount alternator.
When fitting an A12 into Datsun 1000, use 3mm spacer on the engine mounts so that the deeper pan will clear the 1000 crossmember. Reference: 1000 vs 1200 oil pans
North American B210 came with A14 fitted with mid-sump engine pan.
- if swapping this HB210 engine into 1200, swap the pan and pickup tube with the newer B310 A14 pan and pickup tube.
- If swapping an engine into a North America B210, see B210 Engine Swaps#North America
B310 fits all A-series engines from 1974 on. There is no bolt-in crossmember for the early A-series engine.
- What's Better? A14 or A15?
- But isn't the A15 stroke too long to rev high?
- Aren't the rods too short in the A14?
For answers, see: Engine Swaps, section "A-series Nissan Engines"